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  • Navneet Kaur

5 Signs of PTSD and What to Do: Understanding and Seeking Support

Updated: Oct 6, 2023

5 Signs of PTSD and What to Do: Understanding and Seeking Support

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. It affects individuals differently, but commonly leads to intrusive memories, anxiety, and changes in behavior. Recognizing the signs of PTSD is crucial for early intervention and effective treatment.

Here are five common signs of PTSD and guidance on what steps to take if you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms:

1. Intrusive Memories and Flashbacks:

One of the hallmark signs of PTSD is the re-experiencing of the traumatic event through intrusive memories or flashbacks. This can manifest as vivid, distressing recollections or sudden, intense sensations of reliving the trauma. If you find yourself frequently having intrusive memories or flashbacks that interfere with your daily life, it may be a sign of PTSD.

What you can do: Reach out to a mental health professional who specializes in trauma to discuss your experiences and explore therapeutic interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Learn more about our Trauma Therapy sessions.

2. Avoidance and Emotional Numbing:

Individuals with PTSD often develop avoidance behaviors to cope with distressing reminders of the trauma. This can involve avoiding certain places, activities, or even conversations related to the traumatic event. Additionally, they may experience emotional numbing, feeling detached or unable to experience positive emotions.

What you can do: Consider seeking support from a therapist who can help you navigate your avoidance patterns and provide strategies to gradually confront triggers in a safe and controlled manner. Therapy approaches like exposure therapy can be effective in reducing avoidance behaviors.

3. Hyperarousal and Hypervigilance:

PTSD can lead to persistent feelings of being on edge, often characterized by heightened states of arousal, irritability, and difficulty concentrating or sleeping. Hypervigilance, or being constantly on high alert, is another common symptom, where individuals are hyper-aware of potential threats in their environment.

5 Signs of PTSD and What to Do: Understanding and Seeking Support

What you can do: Engage in relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, mindfulness, and physical activities like yoga or meditation to help manage stress and regulate your nervous system. Being outdoor and in nature will help lower your stress-hormone cortisol and decrease your heart rate. Consulting a mental health professional can provide additional support and guidance tailored to your specific needs.

4. Mood and Cognitive Changes:

PTSD can bring about significant changes in mood, including persistent feelings of sadness, guilt, anger, or shame. It may also impact cognitive processes such as memory, concentration, and decision-making abilities.

What you can do: Consider talking to a therapist who can help you develop healthy coping strategies and address negative thought patterns associated with PTSD. They may also explore medication options if necessary.

5. Social Withdrawal and Relationship Difficulties:

PTSD can strain relationships and lead to social withdrawal as individuals may struggle to communicate their experiences or fear being misunderstood or judged. It's common for individuals with PTSD to isolate themselves from loved ones or experience difficulties in forming and maintaining relationships.

What you can do: Seek support from a therapist who can assist you in improving your communication skills, rebuilding trust, and providing guidance on how to navigate relationships affected by PTSD. Support groups or connecting with others who have similar experiences may also be beneficial.


Recognizing the signs of PTSD is the first step towards seeking help and embarking on a journey of healing and recovery. If you or someone you know is exhibiting signs of PTSD, it's crucial to reach out to a mental health professional who can provide a proper diagnosis and guide you towards appropriate treatment options. Remember, there is hope and support available, and with the right resources and assistance, individuals with PTSD can reclaim their lives and find renewed strength and resilience.

If you're open to exploring how a professional can help, please schedule a free consultation here.

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5 Signs of PTSD and What to Do: Understanding and Seeking Support

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